Committee for the Security of Cultural Residential Or Commercial Property in case of Armed Conflict Grants Boosted Protection to Angkor
At the demand of the Kingdom of Cambodia, the Committee for the Protection of Cultural Home in the Occasion of Armed Dispute, conference at UNESCO Head office, Paris from 29 to 30 November 2017, approved “boosted defense” status to Angkor, a cultural World Heritage site. Boosted protection is a system established by the 1999 Second Procedure to the 1954 Hague Convention for the Protection of Cultural Home in case of Armed Dispute (“the 1954 Hague Convention”) targeted at ensuring complete and efficient defense of particularly designated cultural home throughout international or non-international armed disputes. Angkor signs up with twelve other properties in Azerbaijan, Belgium, Cyprus, Georgia, Italy, Lithuania and Mali that take advantage of high-level immunity and rigorous legal protection ensuring that they can not be targeted, assaulted or used for military functions.
“As disputes continue to rage all over the world, broadening this list of sites under boosted security is vital. It is necessary for States to validate the 1954 Hague Convention and its two Procedures if they have actually not already done so,” declared Mr Ket Sophann, Ambassador and Permanent Delegate of Cambodia, Chairperson of the Committee. There are presently 128 States Parties to the Hague Convention, 106 to the 1954 Protocol, and 72 to the 1999 Protocol.Opening the series
of conferences of the High Contracting Celebrations to the Hague Convention, its Protocols and the Committee on 27 November, Mechtild Rössler, Director of the Division for Heritage, UNESCO, remembered that work on these international instruments is not just about safeguarding heritage. “It has to do with securing people … securing the identities, the values, the histories that bind us together … When heritage is on the frontlines of conflict, we should put it at the heart of techniques for peace,” she stated. She recognized the United Kingdom for depositing an instrument of ratification to the Hague Convention and instrument of accession to its 1954 and 1999 Protocols in September 2017, as well as France for joining the 1999 Procedure in March 2017, both Permanent Members of the United Nations Security Council. The Committee highlighted the series of historic Resolutions recently embraced by the UN Security Council, including Resolutions and, which connect the security of cultural heritage with the maintenance of global peace and security, noting this is at the forefront of the Committee’s work.Regarding international assistance previously approved to Libya and Mali through the UNESCO Fund for the Protection of Cultural Property in case of Armed Conflict, the Committee examined the Inventory and the Emergency Strategy prepared by the Federal government of Mali, and highlighted the training of Malian armed forces, which has enhanced their capability to better protect cultural heritage. The Committee likewise welcomed the Government of Libya to work closely with the Secretariat of the 1999 Procedure to implement activities intended at improving the defense of the Libyan cultural websites.” UNESCO has actually trained United Nations peacekeepers and nationwide armed forces in Mali, Lebanon and Zimbabwe this previous year. We need to make sure that individuals on the ground have the understanding and resources they have to protect cultural residential or commercial property at danger,”discussed Dr. Rössler. This remains in line with UNESCO’s 2015 Technique for the reinforcement of the Organization’s action for the defense of culture and the promotion of cultural pluralism in case of armed dispute, and its associated Action Strategy, which the Committee worried in appealing to all Celebrations to the Hague Convention to execute with specific national measures and local cooperation.The Seventh Meeting of the Celebrations to the 1999 Procedure to the Hague Convention also elected six brand-new members to the Committee: Armenia, Cambodia, Egypt, El Salvador, Italy and Japan.For extra info see here.